It shouldn’t take a team of engineers to build a functional embedded GNU/Linux system on a dev kit. Often, it does. The embedded dev kit industry is broken.

The folks over at are hard at work fixing this, but it takes time, and they only offer solutions based on TI SoCs. They’re doing an awesome job, please keep it up!

But, unless you want to base an embedded design on a part that requires package on package memory, the Beagles aren’t quite there yet in terms of an open dev kit that’s as easy to use as it should be. If you’re building a multimedia system and want a dev kit, pick a Beagleboard-xM or a Pandaboard. Both are great systems and have awesome support from all required software that you’ll want to run.

But if you’re not trying to build a multimedia system, the team only has the Beaglebone to offer. Don’t get me wrong, the Beaglebone is great. However, there are currently huge nits to pick with it, and TI in general.

The AM335x SoC used on the Beaglebone is not well supported by any mainline Linux kernel. Even the linux-omap repo can’t yet build a kernel for an AM335x system that will enable MMC, which makes running the Beaglebone away from an NFS root system rather difficult. TI offers their Arago kernel, but until about 2 weeks ago, not even all of the interrupts were enabled in that codebase. And this is the TI kernel tree that forms the basis of TI’s official SDK releases! To top it all off, TI has missed the Linux 3.5 window in the linux-omap repo to get any more changes in before Linus’ 3.5 merge window opens. So, Linux 3.5 very likely won’t support the AM335x very well, if at all.

Hopefully TI will be able to get code into linux-omap for the 3.6 merge, but with that kind of timeline, AM335x won’t run a mainline Linux kernel until almost the end of 2012 (3.6 will probably be released in the 4th quarter, if past release performance indicates future success). The Beaglebone was on sale in the 4th quarter of 2011. If 1 year between release of dev kits and mainline Linux support is considered good, that’s a horrible state of “good.”

AM335x silicon is due to be finalized and parts actually available for general consumption “real soon now.” TI doesn’t seem to have intentions of moving their Arago kernel repo past a Linux 3.2 base. Which is OK, Ben Hutchings is keeping the v3.2.y stable series around for a while (Ubuntu and Debian rely on it), but the Arago repo isn’t run by many people, so it doesn’t get very wide spread testing. This leads to things like PREEMPT breaking Ethernet! Which is reported to be in the stages of being fixed, but may or may not yet be complete.

TI’s ability to push code into mainline Linux is so bad that even the official Beaglebone kernel, maintained by Koen, is diverging from TI’s Arago repo. Granted, a good bit of Koen’s changes are to support capes, but there are fundamental changes to core AM335x code in Koen’s tree that are different than what’s in Arago’s.

TI needs to fix their development process, they need to have support in mainline Linux ASAP after announcement of new SoCs. Anything else is unacceptable.

To pick on TI even more, there’s the Craneboard. Oh, my, goodness! The Craneboard uses TI’s AM3517 processor. The AM3517 was released about TWO YEARS AGO. You cannot currently build a mainline Linux kernel for the AM3517! Even the linux-omap tree couldn’t do it well, until recently, but I haven’t personally tried very hard, so it may not even do it well. TI’s official SDK supplies a 2.6.37 kernel, which is not a long term supported kernel. The Craneboard Github repo is woefully out of date.

So now that I’ve picked on TI quite a bit, here’s my stance:

I want to build a product that uses an ARM SoC and runs Linux. I want to have one, yes, that’s right ONE single, engineer who spends only part of their time getting cross compilers, boot loaders, Linux kernel, and the rest of the required userspace set up. I want that engineer to be able to receive a dev kit from the UPS person and have it running GNU/Linux within 1 week. Not just running the provided SD card or what-have-you, but building all the components from supported mainline repositories and understanding the build systems. Documentation is a huge part of this, but core code support needs to come first. Without mainline, whether it be Linux, u-boot, or anything else, I have nothing.

Things in this relm are getting better, but too slowly. I put this blame entirely on the SoC vendors, TI, Freescale, Samsung, ST, etc. All aren’t to blame in the same amount, but all are guilty. The pay-for Linux vendors aren’t helping, they have no incentive to make things easier for people who aren’t their customers, so I’m not looking for them to make strides here. The SoC vendors do have a very high vested interest in making things better, Linaro is on the right track.

Groups like are making things better, but they are a tiny team taking on the world and supporting not only documentation and code, but trying to sell boards and do so on a shoe-string budget, all while making a profit and not stepping on too many TI toes. There needs to be more organizations like, putting out low cost dev kits and pushing the SoC vendors to get their kernel code mainlined.

It shouldn’t take a team of engineers to get Linux running on a dev kit. If your company has a team, or pays a team, that’s a sign that the dev kit and SoC vendor industries are broken. Let’s fix that.


17 May 2012