Debootstrapping a chroot
Chroots are very useful for keeping software that does stupid things from affecting your main system (like TI’s CCSv5) or for running old software safely without needing a virtual machine, so long as you can do so with the existing kernel. I use them on a regular basis to run CCSv5, software from Debian Squeeze, and to try things out with low risk.
Quick exactsteps for debootstrap and schroot on Debian in order to run oldstable or similar:
Install debootstrap and schroot:
sudo apt-get install debootstrap schroot
Make a directory for your chroot, I use
sudo mkdir -vp /opt/chroot/squeeze
Debootstrap! Using the
buildd variant to get usual software building tools:
sudo debootstrap --variant=buildd --arch=amd64 squeeze /opt/chroot/squeeze
cat >> /etc/schroot/schroot.conf << "EOF" [squeeze] description=Squeeze type=directory directory=/opt/chroot/squeeze users=andrew preserve-environment=true EOF
Then you can schroot into your Squeeze system:
schroot -c squeeze
If you’re using Debian’s normal $PS1, your shell prompt will show a description of which schroot you’re in, like:
If your user is in the
sudo group, and if you have sudo installed in your
schroot, you’ll be able to use sudo just like normal. To add extra packages to
the schroot system during the debootstrap operation, add
similar prior to the “squeeze”. Alternatively, you can install software with
apt afterwards like normal.
Be aware, by preserving the environment, your
/home directory will be your
actual home directory in the chroot. The rest of the root file system won’t be
related to your actual root file system, though. Just be careful!